Who’s a good candidate for IVF?
In vitro fertilization, also commonly known as IVF, is the treatment of choice in cases of infertility when both fallopian tubes are blocked. But who are other good candidates for IVF? IVF may also be used for unexplained infertility, endometriosis, cervical factor infertility, ovulation disorders, or when a man has a low sperm count. Basically, IVF involves taking mature eggs from the woman, fertilizing them with sperm in a dish in a laboratory and then transferring the resulting embryos back to the woman’s uterus 2 to 6 days after fertilization is confirmed. Nationwide, approximately 35 percent of women who try in vitro fertilization conceive. See Fertility Answers’ IVF Success Rates.
Are You Good Candidates for IVF?
Couples that have been unsuccessful in getting pregnant with other fertility treatments often turn to IVF to conceive. Women with tubal issues can benefit from IVF. Since the IVF procedure bypasses the fallopian tubes entirely, many women with blocked or absent fallopian tubes find that IVF helps them to conceive. Other good IVF candidates include women with fertility disorders like endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Additionally, women with abnormal ovulation cycles can also get pregnant with IVF, since fertility drugs can be used to induce ovulation and generate healthy eggs. Even women that do not produce healthy eggs can use IVF if they want to use donor eggs. If your partner has male factor infertility, you may also benefit from IVF. Ask your doctor about a procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Intracytoplasmic sperm injection requires just one healthy sperm to fertilize an egg during IVF, making it a preferred fertility technique for men with low sperm count.
Who Is Not a Good IVF Candidate?
In vitro fertilization may not work for everyone. Conditions that may interfere with IVF success include fibroid tumors, ovarian dysfunction, abnormal hormone levels, and uterine abnormalities. Women with these issues may face lower rates of pregnancy with IVF.
Additionally, women older than 37 may have a reduced chance of getting pregnant with IVF since egg production slows as a woman approaches age 40. Women past their late 30s who do not produce healthy eggs may consider using donor eggs to increase their chances of conceiving with IVF. Use of donor eggs with IVF achieves similar pregnancy rates for women of all ages, and about 50 percent of women that attempt IVF with donor eggs are able to get pregnant.