Getting pregnant can be tricky business. And for many couples experiencing infertility, conceiving is a lot harder than most people think. Use our infertility stats below to learn more about this condition that affects so many.
Infertility is the inability to conceive after one year of trying with unprotected intercourse for couples in which the female is under 35. However, if she is 35 or older, the evaluation should begin after 6 months of trying unsuccessfully to conceive. If a couple has an obvious medical problem affecting their ability to conceive, such as absence of periods, sexual dysfunction, a history of pelvic disease, or prior surgery, they should begin the infertility evaluation immediately.
Age, physical health and lifestyle choices, such as smoking and diet, can contribute to a person’s fertility, and we know that infertility affects both men and women. And, the decisions you make today can impact your fertility and ability to have kids later. It’s important to learn all you can about your fertility. Use the statistics below to help improve your knowledge.
1 in 8
Approximately one in eight couples are affected by infertility in the United States. That’s about 6.7 million people each year who have trouble conceiving.
Mother Nature’s natural fertility rate is only about 20% per month for a healthy, fertile 30-year-old woman. That means that for every 100 fertile 30-year-old women trying to get pregnant in one cycle, 20 will be successful and the other 80 will have to try again.
Thirty-five is the average age of females when their natural fertility begins to show a marked decline. A woman’s best reproductive years are in her 20s. By age 40, a woman’s natural chance of pregnancy is less than 5% per cycle.
Fertility experts agree that, on average, 30% of the cases of infertility they see can be attributed solely to the female, 30% solely to the male, 30% a combination of both partners, and in 10% of cases the cause is unknown.
Luckily, nearly 90% of infertility cases are treatable with medical therapies such as drug treatment, surgical repair of reproductive organs and assisted reproductive techniques such as intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization.
For women experiencing infertility, over one-third can trace their problem back to tubal factors. This includes blocked tubes due to infection or endometriosis, plus factors affecting the peritoneum (lining of the pelvis and abdomen), all fall under this category.
Another quarter of all women having trouble conceiving can link their infertility to problems with ovulation, making it one of the most common causes of infertility.
Recurring miscarriages and pregnancy loss may indicate underlying problems for women trying to conceive. However, 60% of women who experience recurring miscarriages go on to have healthy pregnancies and births without further treatment.
A weight loss of 5% to 10% may dramatically improve ovulation and pregnancy rates in women who are considered obese. Obesity may also cause an increased risk of miscarriage and decreased success with fertility treatments.
In approximately 40% of infertile couples, the male partner is either the sole or a contributing cause of infertility.
A healthy sperm count is above 40 million, and a count of 10 million or less is considered low. Men with sperm counts between 10 and 40 million may still cause a pregnancy if the sperm has good motility, movement, and morphology, or shape.
While vital for some patients, in vitro fertilization and similar treatments account for less than 3% of infertility services, and about (or approximately) seven hundredths of one percent (0.07%) of U.S. health care costs.
As of 2014, almost one million U.S. babies have been conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) since the procedure was developed in the 1980s.